Soccer is a game of simple rules, and the most basic rule is that the team scoring most goals wins. The rules of soccer are decided by the coaches, players and soccer associations from all over the world. The maximum length of the ground is 200 yards and breadth is 100 yards. Referee in the game ensures that all the players follow the set rules.
In the soccer game, size 5 ball is most commonly used, size 4 is used for U12 and size 3 ball is used for U4. Winning captain has the choice to select which way his team will play the game, which can be advantageous in case of strong winds that could change the direction in the second half of the game. The game consists of two halves, and each half lasts 45 minutes, though referee often adds the injury time to cover the stoppages. Soccer coaches and experts have developed several methods to improve the defensive and offensive tactics of the game.
The teams defend the goal using a player who protects the goal or goalkeeper and four defenders. Four players in the midfield, and two strikers to create and score the goals are selected by the coach. When the ball has wholly crossed the touch line or goal, irrespective of whether it is in the air or on the ground, a goal is scored. For scoring a goal, the player has to send the ball beyond the goal line, under the crossbar and between the goalposts.
If both teams score equal goals or if no team is able to score any goal, the match ends as a draw. In the game of soccer, discipline is one of the most important factors to consider, and the game is mediated by a single referee on the pitch, and two officials called linesman on either side of the pitch. Most people find the offside rule as most confusing rule of the game. In such case, referee will stop the game and award a free kick to fouled team.
A player will be in offside if he is nearer to the opponent`s goal line than the ball and second last opponent. The player who is given red card must leave the field immediately, and is not allowed to come back for the rest of the game. As per FIFA official score rules, the player is cautioned once, and referee shows the yellow card in case player is guilty of unsporting behavior, delays the start of the game, kicks or throws the ball away after referee blows the whistle or leaves the field without permission of referee. A simple offside rule states that offensive player cannot go ahead of the defense while the play develops.